2007 年 30 巻 2 号 p. 303-308
Rats stressed by specific alternation of rhythm in temperature (SART) show various symptoms of disautonomia, increased pulse rates, continuous hypotension, and severe orthostatic hypotension (OH) when they are subjected to postural change. The OH symptoms are improved by muscarinic M2-receptor blockers. In the present study, effects of β-adrenoceptor blocking agents on OH in SART-stressed rats were investigated. Anesthetized rats were restrained on a board in the supine position, and direct blood pressure and ECG were measured automatically using Fluclet® Jr.2. Postural change was performed by raising the rat's head up to a 60° angle for 4 min. Unstressed rats treated with hexamethonium showed large decrease in blood pressure, small reflex from the bottom of pressure and decreased tachycardia reflex, whereas isoproterenol showed little changes. In SART-stressed rats, isoproterenol alleviated the decrease in blood pressure in postural change, brought large reflex from the bottom of pressure and increased tachycardia reflex, whereas hexamethonium had little changes. Propranolol and atenolol induced the similar changes as those seen by hexamethonium. ICI-118,551, a selective β2-adrenoceptor antagonist showed large reflex from the bottom of pressure and increased tachycardia reflex in stressed rats, whereas little changes in unstressed rats. In conclusion, it was suggested that the hypotension in OH manifestation time of rats reflects the state of peripheral blood vessels, and β1-adrenoceptors played a role in compensatory tachycardia reflex and β2-adrenoceptors in blood pressure reflex. The circulatory regulation in SART-stressed rats seems to be poorly functioning in nervous reflex in postural changes.