2016 年 39 巻 7 号 p. 1091-1099
Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is an important cytokine which can be secreted by keratinocytes or macrophages induced by UVB irradiation in skin. Mammalian skin cells have the capability to produce and metabolize 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) whose cutaneous effects are mediated by the interactions with 5-HT receptors. Treatment with 5-HT resulted in a dose-dependent increase of tyrosinase (TYR) activity and melanin contents in normal human foreskin-derived epidermal melanocytes (NHEM), while with IFN-γ a decreased effect resulted. These regulatory results were due to changes of the expression levels of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) and its downstream TYR, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP-1) and dopachrome tautomerase (DCT). We proved here that 5-HTR1A/2A participated in the regulation of melanogenesis. IFN-γ could offset the pro-melanogenesis effect of 5-HT in NHEM and the intensity of this neutralization was unanticipated below the baseline level. IFN-γ neutralized the up-regulation effect of 5-HT on MITF and downstream TYR, TRP-1 and DCT. Though functioning as 5-HT1A/2A receptor during the melanogenesis process, IFN-γ played no role in 5-HT1A/2A receptor expressions. Our results also demonstrated that the inhibition of IFN-γ was reversible after its removal. Confusingly, the effect of cross-talk between 5-HT and IFN-γ on NHEM melanogenesis was irreversible. Whether treated with 5-HT for 5 d or 12 d, the pigmentation level neither recovered after displacing the IFN-γ-containing medium. In addition, IFN-γ was able to inhibit the inductive effect of 5-HT on NHEM migration. Taken together, the suppression of IFN-γ on 5-HT-induced melanogenesis further suggests the negative role of IFN-γ in inflammation-associated pigmentary changes.