2016 年 39 巻 7 号 p. 1085-1090
Cyclosporine (CSA), which is one of the substrates of ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1), is widely used as an immunosuppressant in patients undergoing transplantation. The expression level of P-glycoprotein on lymphocytes that is encoded by ABCB1 gene is considered to be one of the major causes of differences in intracellular CSA concentration. The clinical relevance of ABCB1 mRNA expression in peripheral blood was analyzed. We examined (i) the relationship between ABCB1 mRNA and the intracellular concentration of CSA in vitro, (ii) the change in long-term ABCB1 mRNA expression levels, and (iii) its association with acute rejection (AR) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in living-donor renal transplantation. A significantly negative correlation between ABCB1 mRNA expression and intracellular CSA concentration in vitro was obtained (p<0.05). ABCB1 mRNA expression was significantly reduced (55%) 1 week after transplantation (p<0.001) and returned to the pre-transplantation level after 1 year. Although the sample size may be too small to obtain a definitive conclusion, no association was observed between ABCB1 mRNA expression levels and AR or CMV reactivation.