2016 Volume 39 Issue 9 Pages 1508-1513
To prevent recurrent depression, patients should ideally continue treatment for >6 months with the antidepressant dose that effectively suppressed acute depressive symptoms. However, there are inter-individual differences in the antidepressant doses required to achieve response and maintenance. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the role of clinical features, including genetic polymorphisms, on the antidepressant dose required for maintenance therapy in 82 Japanese patients with depression. We calculated the antidepressant dose using the imipramine equivalent scale and the dose of concomitant anxiolytics and hypnotics using the diazepam equivalent scale. The 82 participants were classified into two groups based on the median imipramine equivalent dose, and we examined the influence of patient characteristics and the presence of genetic polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF; rs6265) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate responsive element-binding protein 1 (CREB1; rs2253306, rs4675690, rs769963) on the antidepressant maintenance dose. Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that the concomitant diazepam equivalent dose and presence of the CREB1 rs4675690 polymorphism were significantly associated with the antidepressant maintenance dose. We concluded that these factors influenced the antidepressant dose in maintenance therapy among Japanese patients with depression. However, further research is required in large cohorts.