2017 Volume 40 Issue 6 Pages 888-893
The fat-specific protein 27 (Fsp27) gene belongs to the cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor 45-like effector family. Fsp27 is highly expressed in adipose tissue as well as the fatty liver of ob/ob mice. Fsp27 is directly regulated by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in livers of genetically obese leptin deficient ob/ob mice. In the present study, Fsp27 was markedly induced by 24 h fasting in genetically normal mouse livers and repressed by refeeding a high sucrose diet. In contrast with the liver, Fsp27 expression was decreased in adipose tissue by fasting and increased by refeeding. Interestingly, fasting-induced Fsp27 liver expression was independent of PPARγ. Moreover, Fsp27 expression was induced in the insulin-depleted livers of streptozotocin-treated mice. Finally, Fsp27 expression was repressed by direct injection of glucose or insulin in fasting mice. These results suggest that insulin represses Fsp27 expression in the fasting liver.