2019 年 42 巻 5 号 p. 758-763
MicroRNAs were involved in a wide range of biological processes of diabetic nephropathy (DN). It is reported that miR-15b-5p was downregulated in the patients with DN. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulatory effects of miR-15b-5p on patients with diabetes remain unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the role of miR-15b-5p during high glucose (HG)-induced apoptosis in human kidney cells. Quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR was used to detect the level of miR-15b-5p. CCK-8 assay, EdU staining assays and flow cytometry were used to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis respectively in vitro. In addition, Western blotting was used to determine active caspase-3, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), phosphorylated (p)-AKT, p-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-S6, p-c-Jun N terminal kinase (JNK), p-p38 and p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) proteins levels. The expression of miR-15b-5p in patients with DN were dramatically decreased compared with health persons. Similarly, HG down-regulated the expression of miR-15b-5p in HK-2 cells. In contrast, miR-15b-5p mimics alleviated HG-induced apoptosis in HK-2 cells via decreasing the expressions of active caspase 3 and cleaved PARP. EdU detection further confirmed that miR-15b-5p mimics attenuated the anti-proliferation effect of HG in HK-2 cells. Furthermore, HG-induced Akt/mTOR pathway downregulation and JNK upregulation were markedly reversed by miR-15b-5p mimics in cells. The data suggested that miR-15b-5p mimics protects HK-2 cells from HG-induced apoptosis. The anti-apoptotic effects of miR-15b-5p may due to the activation of the Akt/mTOR pathway as well as inactivation of JNK. Taken together, miR-15b-5p might be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of patients with DN.