2020 Volume 43 Issue 6 Pages 985-993
Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) with a high mortality rate is an incurable digestive system disease induced by abnormal bile acid regurgitation due to the biliary obstruction. Dehydrocholic acid (DA) alleviates the severity of cholestatic hepatitis related to biliary inflammation, suggesting DA is potential to develop for the incurable ABP management. Here we identified DA potency and explored the underlying mechanism in ABP. Our data showed that DA administration not only reduced typically clinicopathological parameters including serum levels of amylase and lipase but also suppressed pancreatic tissue edema, necrosis and trypsin activation in ABP mice. We also found that DA significantly reduced the necrosis of pancreatic acinar cells induced by sodium taurocholate (NaT). Further experimental data showed the significant inhibitions of DA on mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, ATP exhaustion, calcium overload and reactive oxygen species (ROS) erupted in acinar cells induced by NaT, indicating DA could avert acinar cell death through protecting the mitochondrial function, scavenging excessive oxidative stress and balancing calcium. The comprehensive study found DA elevated the expression of transcription factor EB (TFEB) in vitro thus to increase the functional lysosome content. Indeed, DA decreased the Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) II/I ratio as well as ubiquitin-binding protein p62 and Parkin expressions in vivo and in vitro, revealing autophagy restoration maybe through the improvement of TFEB-mediated lysosome biogenesis. These data indicate that DA improves ABP through the mitochondrial protection, antioxidant ability enhancement and autophagy recovery. In conclusion, our study proposes a potential therapy strategy for the incurable ABP.