Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Effect of Fatty Acids and Uremic Toxins on the Binding of Nateglinide, an Insulin Secretagogue, to Site II on Human Serum Albumin
Koji NishiAyana YanoKenji TsukigawaVictor TG ChuangMasaki OtagiriKeishi Yamasaki
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2022 Volume 45 Issue 6 Pages 803-805

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Abstract

Nateglinide (NAT) is used to treat diabetes, stimulating pancreatic islet β-cells with residual insulin secretory capacity to increase insulin secretion. NAT has been reported to bind to human serum albumin (HSA), but the detail is still unclear. In the current study, we investigated the location and the affinity for the binding of NAT to HSA. Quantitative analysis data from the ultrafiltration experiment indicated that NAT binds strongly to a primary site on HSA with a high affinity. The presence of diazepam (DZP) or ibuprofen (IB), the specific site II ligands of HSA, decreased the binding constants of NAT respectively, without the significant changes in the number of binding sites. Whereas warfarin (WF), a site I specific ligand, did not affect the binding of NAT. Fluorescent replacement experiment showed that NAT replaced dansylsarcosine (DNSS), a site II probe of HSA, but not WF. An increasing level of myristate and uremic toxins, indoxyl sulphate (IS), indoxyl acetate (IA) and p-cresyl sulphate (PCS), during renal disease significantly increased the concentration of unbound NAT. These findings suggest that NAT specifically binds to site II of HSA and the binding capacity and pharmacokinetics of NAT change in renal diseases.

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