1995 年 18 巻 2 号 p. 342-346
The mechanism of the renal transport of enoxacin (ENX) has been investigated using brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) isolated from the rat renal cortex. The initial rate and time-course of ENX uptake were quite dependent upon the medium pH (pH 5.5>pH 7.5). The pH dependence was in accordance with the degree of cationic form. Carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) affected the transient uphill transport of ENX across the renal brush-border membrane in the presence of an outward-directed H+-gradient. The initial uptake was saturable, and transport kinetic parameters were given for a Km and Vmax of 0.59mM and 1.37 nmol/ (mg protein)/30s, respectively. On the other hand, an outward H+-gradient (pHin=5.5, out=7.5) dependent uptake of ENX was partially decreased by the voltage-clamped BBMVs. Furthermore, a valinomycin-induced K+-diffusion potential (interior negative) was found to increase the uptake of ENX at pH5.5, which is cationic from-rich. These results suggest that ENX uptake participates in not only the H+/organic cation antiport system for organic cation secretion but also the ionic diffusion potential (interior negative) dependent permeation through the membrane.