1998 Volume 21 Issue 4 Pages 315-318
The effect of regucalcin, a calcium-binding protein, on Ca2+ -and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) activity in the cytosol of rat kidney cortex was investigated. With increasing concentratoins of Ca2+, phosphatidylserine or dioctanoylglycerol in the reaction mixture, regucalcin (10-8M) caused a remarakble inhibition of protein kinase C activity. Regucalcin did not have a significant effect on protein kinase C activity in the presence of phosphatidylserine or dioctanoylglycerol without Ca2+ addition. Moreover, regucalcin significantly inhibited phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-increased protein kinase C activity. Meanwhile, staurosporine (10-9M) caused a signidficant inhibition of protein kinase C activity. This inhibition was further enhanced by regucalcin addition. Regucalcin itself did not have protein kinase activity in either the presence or the absence ot both Ca2+ and phospholipids. These results clearly indicate that regucalcin has an inhibitory effect on protein kinase C activity in the cytosol of rat kidney cortex. This inhibitory effect may be partly due to the regucalcin-induced Ca2+ binding.