2000 年 23 巻 7 号 p. 890-892
A crude methanol extract of Picrorhizae Rhizoma, the dried underground parts of Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora PENNELL, has been shown to potentiate the nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells. The methanol extract was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The NGF-potentiating activity was observed in the ethyl acetate fraction. The ethxl acetate solubles were fractionated by silica gel chromatography, monitoring the NGF-potentiating activity to give two iridoid glycosides, picrosides I and II. Picrosides did not exhibit neurotrophic activity but caused a marked enhancement of the NGF-mediated neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells. The pharmacological data suggest that picrosides I and II enhance neurite outgrowth from PC12D cells, probably by amplifying a step in the NGF-receptor-mediated intracellular signaling pathway.