1999 年 31 巻 3 号 p. 35-43
In Qing Dynasty with the development of Taoism in the lower strata of the society, the qigong ways of Taoism became popular in the lower strata. This made the turning point that wushu combined with qigong together to practise. Qigong not only can build up a powerful physique but also can cure illness. Under proper conditions qigong can make human physiological function change so that the men practising qigong can produce superer ability than ordinary persons. So, not only some folk wushu experts put qigong in wushu practice but also the tendency of putting qigong in wushu practice widely appeared in the nongovernment religious groups which were against Qing Dynasty. In the dynasty there were two ways to practise both together wushu and qigong: one was combining practice, that is practising qigong while practising wushu; the other one was practising wushu and practising qigong not at the same time. When practising wushu and qigong separately there were also two methods: one was meditating qigong, the other was movement method meaning while practising the doer must pay special attention to his breath, consciousness and exercise in order to coordinate qigong. In Qing Dynasty forming the practice of combining wushu with qigong made wushu have greater vitality and promoted the development of wushu in modern times.