Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Cardiovascular Intervention
Late Cardiac Remodeling After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
– Five-Year Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-up –
Tirza SpringelingSharon W. KirschbaumAlexia RossiTimo BaksYusuf KaramermerCarl SchulzMohammed OuhlousDirk J. DunckerAdriaan MoelkerGabriel P. KrestinPatrick W.J.C. SerruysPim de FeyterRobert-Jan M. van Geuns
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 1 Pages 81-88

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Abstract

Background: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) preserves function and improves survival. The late effects of PPCI on left ventricular remodeling, however, have not yet been investigated on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Methods and Results: Twenty-five patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with PPCI underwent CMRI within 10 days, at 4 months and at 5 years. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end-diastolic volume (EDV) and end-systolic volume were quantified on cine images. Infarct mass and transmural extent of infarction were quantified on contrast-enhanced imaging. In all patients EDV increased significantly in the early phase (192±40ml to 211±49ml, P≤0.01) and LVEF improved significantly (42±9% to 46±9%, P=0.02). In the late phase (>4 months) no significant changes were observed (LVEF 44±9%, P=0.07; EDV 216±68ml, P=0.38). Three different groups could be identified. One-third (32%) had no dilatation at all; one-third (32%) had limited dilatation at 4 months without progression later; and 36% had progressive dilatation both at 4 months and at late follow-up. This third group had an average increase in EDV of 20% in the acute phase followed by an additional 13%. The strongest predictor for progressive dilatation was infarct mass. Conclusions: Even in the era of PPCI for AMI followed by optimal medical therapy, one-third of patients had progressive dilatation, which was best predicted by infarct mass.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 81–88)

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© 2013 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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