Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Arrythmia/Electrophysiology
Comparison of Autonomic J-Wave Modulation in Patients With Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation and Control Subjects
Hiroko MiyazakiMikiko NakagawaYukie ShinOsamu WakisakaTetsuji ShinoharaKaori EzakiYasushi TeshimaKunio YufuNaohiko TakahashiMasahide HaraTetsunori Saikawa
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 2 Pages 330-337

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Abstract

Background: Although J-waves are seen in both patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) and the general population, their genesis remains unclear. To assess the relationship between J-waves and autonomic tone we investigated the circadian variation of J-waves in individuals with and without IVF. Methods and Results: In study 1, we obtained resting 12-lead ECG and Holter ECG recordings in 258 individuals undergoing screening for heart disease. In 60 of these subjects (23.3%), we detected J-waves on Holter ECGs; 40 of them (66.7%) had shown no J-waves on 12-lead ECGs. In study 2, we measured the J-wave amplitude, heart rate (HR), and HR variability [high frequency (HF) and the ratio of low- to high-frequency (LF/HF)] on Holter ECGs recorded in 5 patients with IVF and 20 control subjects who had manifested J-waves. The J-wave amplitude increased at night and decreased during the day in both groups; it was significantly higher in the IVF patients (P<0.0001). In both groups, the J-wave amplitude showed a significant negative correlation with HR and LF/HF and a significant positive correlation with HF. The slope of the J/HR and J/(LF/HF) relationship was significantly steeper in the IVF patients. Conclusions: The J-wave amplitude was more significantly influenced by the autonomic balance in IVF patients than in the controls. Autonomic J-wave modulation may yield important information on the genesis of J-waves.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 330–337)

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© 2013 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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