Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Arrhythmia/Electrophysiology
Novel SCN3B Mutation Associated With Brugada Syndrome Affects Intracellular Trafficking and Function of Nav1.5
Taisuke IshikawaNaohiko TakahashiSeiko OhnoHarumizu SakuradaKazufumi NakamuraYoung Keun OnJeong Euy ParkTakeru MakiyamaMinoru HorieTakuro ArimuraNaomasa MakitaAkinori Kimura
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Volume 77 (2013) Issue 4 Pages 959-967

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Abstract

Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is characterized by specific alterations on ECG in the right precordial leads and associated with ventricular arrhythmia that may manifest as syncope or sudden cardiac death. The major causes of BrS are mutations in SCN5A for a large subunit of the sodium channel, Nav1.5, but a mutation in SCN3B for a small subunit of sodium channel, Navβ3, has been recently reported in an American patient. Methods and Results: A total of 181 unrelated BrS patients, 178 Japanese and 3 Koreans, who had no mutations in SCN5A, were examined for mutations in SCN3B by direct sequencing of all exons and adjacent introns. A mutation, Val110Ile, was identified in 3 of 178 (1.7%) Japanese patients, but was not found in 480 Japanese controls. The SCN3B mutation impaired the cytoplasmic trafficking of Nav1.5, the cell surface expression of which was decreased in transfected cells. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings of the transfected cells revealed that the sodium currents were significantly reduced by the SCN3B mutation. Conclusions: The Val110Ile mutation of SCN3B is a relatively common cause of SCN5A-negative BrS in Japan, which has a reduced sodium current because of the loss of cell surface expression of Nav1.5.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 959–967)

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© 2013 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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