Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Arrhythmia/Electrophysiology
M3 Muscarinic Receptor Signaling Stabilizes a Novel Mutant Human Ether-a-Go-Go-Related Gene Channel Protein via Phosphorylation of Heat Shock Factor 1 in Transfected Cells
Endang MahatiPeili LiYasutaka KurataNani MaharaniNobuhito IkedaShinji SakataKazuyoshi OguraJunichiro MiakeTakeshi AibaWataru ShimizuNaoe NakasoneHaruaki NinomiyaKatsumi HigakiKazuhiro YamamotoAkira NakaiYasuaki ShirayoshiIchiro Hisatome
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2016 Volume 80 Issue 12 Pages 2443-2452

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Abstract

Background:Long QT syndrome 2 (LQT2) is caused by mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG). Most of its mutations give rise to unstable hERG proteins degraded by the proteasome. Recently, carbachol was reported to stabilize the wild-type hERG-FLAG via activation of the muscarinic type 3 receptor (M3-mAChR). Its action on mutant hERG-FLAG, however, remains uninvestigated.

Methods and Results:A novel mutant hERG-FLAG carried 2 mutations: an amino acid substitution G572S and an in-frame insertion D1037_V1038insGD. When expressed in HEK293 cells, this mutant hERG-FLAG was degraded by the proteasome and failed to be transported to the cell surface. Carbachol restored stability of the mutant hERG-FLAG and facilitated cell-surface expression. Carbachol activated PKC, augmented phosphorylation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) and enhanced expression of heat shock proteins (hsps), hsp70 and hsp90. Both a M3-mAChR antagonist, 4-DAMP, and a PKC inhibitor, bisindolylmaleimide, abolished carbachol-induced stabilization of the mutant hERG-FLAG.

Conclusions:M3-mAChR activation leads to enhancement of hsp expression via PKC-dependent phosphorylation of HSF1, thereby stabilizing the mutant hERG-FLAG protein. Thus, M3-mAChR activators may have a therapeutic value for patients with LQT2. (Circ J 2016; 80: 2443–2452)

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© 2016 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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