2019 Volume 83 Issue 11 Pages 2210-2221
Background:We evaluated the 2-year clinical outcomes of deferred lesions with discordant results between resting and hyperemic pressure-derived physiologic indices, including resting distal to aortic coronary pressure (resting Pd/Pa), instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), resting full-cycle ratio (RFR), diastolic pressure ratio (dPR), and fractional flow reserve (FFR).
Methods and Results:The 2-year clinical outcomes of 1,024 vessels (435 patients) with available resting Pd/Pa, iFR, RFR, dPR, and FFR data were analyzed according to a 4-group classification using known cutoff values (resting Pd/Pa ≤0.92, iFR/RFR/dPR ≤0.89, and FFR ≤0.80): Group 1 (concordant normal), Group 2 (high resting index and low FFR), Group 3 (low resting index and high FFR), and Group 4 (concordance abnormal). The primary outcome was vessel-oriented composite outcomes (VOCO) in deferred vessels at 2 years. In the comparison of VOCO risk among 4 groups classified according to FFR and 4 resting physiologic indices, Group 4 consistently showed a significantly higher risk of VOCO than Group 1. Comparison of VOCO risk among 4 groups classified according to iFR and other resting physiologic indices also showed the same results. The presence of discordance, either between hyperemic and resting indices or among resting indices, was not an independent predictor for VOCO.
Conclusions:Discordant results between resting physiologic indices and FFR and among the resting indices were not associated with increased risk of VOCO in deferred lesions.