2020 Volume 84 Issue 10 Pages 1846-1853
Background:Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is mainly caused by mutations in sarcomere genes. Regarding the clinical implications of genetic information, little is known about the lifelong clinical effect of sarcomere mutations in Japanese HCM patients.
Methods and Results:We studied 211 consecutive Japanese patients with HCM who had agreed to genetic testing between 2003 and 2013. Genetic analyses were performed by direct DNA sequencing in the 6 common sarcomere genes (MYH7,MYBPC3,TNNT2,TNNI3,TPM1,ACTC). Through variant filtering, 21 mutations were identified in 67 patients. After excluding 8 patients whose variants were determined as having uncertain significance, finally 203 patients (130 men, age at study entry: 61.8±14.1 years) were investigated for clinical presentation and course. At the time of study entry, patients with mutations were younger, had more frequent non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, had greater interventricular wall thickness, were more frequently in the dilated phase and less frequently had apical HCM. Through their lifetimes, a total of 98 HCM-related morbid events occurred in 72 patients. Survival analysis revealed that patients with sarcomere gene mutations experienced those morbid events significantly more frequently, and this tendency was more prominent for lethal arrhythmic events.
Conclusions:In our HCM cohort, patients with sarcomere gene mutations had poorer lifelong outcome. Genetic information is considered important for better management of HCM.