Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Myocardial T-Lymphocytes as a Prognostic Risk-Stratifying Marker of Dilated Cardiomyopathy ― Results of the Multicenter Registry to Investigate Inflammatory Cell Infiltration in Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Tissues of Endomyocardial Biopsy (INDICATE Study) ―
Keiko Ohta-OgoYasuo SuganoSoshiro OgataTakafumi NakayamaTakahiro KomoriKazuo EguchiKaoru DohiTetsuro YokokawaHiromitsu KanamoriShigeyuki NishimuraKazufumi NakamuraYoshihiko IkedaKunihiro NishimuraGenzou TakemuraToshihisa AnzaiMichiaki HiroeKinta HatakeyamaHatsue Ishibashi-UedaKyoko Imanaka-Yoshida
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Supplementary material

2022 Volume 86 Issue 7 Pages 1092-1101


Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) associated with inflammation is diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy; patients with this have a poorer prognosis than patients without inflammation. To date, standard diagnostic criteria have not been established.

Methods and Results: This study analyzed clinical records and endomyocardial biopsy samples of 261 patients with DCM (201 males, median left ventricular ejection fraction; 28%) from 8 institutions in a multicenter retrospective study. Based on the European Society of Cardiology criteria and CD3 (T-lymphocytes) and CD68 (macrophages) immunohistochemistry, 48% of patients were categorized as having inflammatory DCM. For risk-stratification, we divided patients into 3 groups using Akaike Information Criterion/log-rank tests, which can determine multiple cut-off points: CD3+-Low, <13/mm2(n=178, 68%); CD3+-Moderate, 13–24/mm2(n=58, 22%); and CD3+-High, ≥24/mm2(n=25, 10%). The survival curves for cardiac death or left ventricular assist device implantation differed significantly among the 3 groups (10-year survival rates: CD3+-Low: 83.4%; CD3+-Moderate: 68.4%; CD3+-High: 21.1%; Log-rank P<0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed CD3+count as a potent independent predictive factor for survival (fully adjusted hazard ratio: CD3+-High: 5.70, P<0.001; CD3+-Moderate: 2.64, P<0.01). CD3+-High was also associated with poor left ventricular functional and morphological recovery at short-term follow up.

Conclusions: Myocardial CD3+T-lymphocyte infiltration has a significant prognostic impact in DCM and a 3-tiered risk-stratification model could be helpful to refine patient categorization.

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