Article ID: CJ-14-1218
Background:The influence of glucose fluctuations (GF) on cardiovascular complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) has been attracting much attention. In the present study, whether GF increase susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion in the heart was investigated.Methods and Results:Male rats were randomly assigned to either a control, DM, and DM with GF group. DM was induced by an injection of streptozotocin, and glucose fluctuation was induced by starvation and insulin injection. One sequential program comprised 2 hypoglycemic episodes during 4 days. The isolated hearts were subjected to 20-min ischemia/30-min reperfusion. The infarct size was larger in hearts with GF than those with sustained hyperglycemia. Activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase were decreased, and expressions of NADPH oxidase and thioredoxin-interacting protein were upregulated by GF accompanied by an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Swollen mitochondria with destroyed cristae were observed in diabetic hearts; they were further devastated by GF. Microarray analysis revealed that the expressions of microRNA (miRNA)-200c and miRNA-141 were abundant in those hearts with GF. Overexpression of miRNA-200c and miRNA-141 decreased mitochondrial superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, and increased ROS levels. Meanwhile, knockdown of miRNA-200c and miRNA-141 significantly decreased ROS levels in cardiomyocytes exposed to GF.Conclusions:GF increased ROS generation and enhanced ischemia/reperfusion injury in the diabetic heart. Upregulated miRNA-200c and miRNA-141 may account for the increased ROS.