2019 Volume 1 Issue 2 Pages 87-93
Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of nutritional status on 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).
Methods and Results: We enrolled 457 hospitalized ADHF patients. Previously established objective nutritional indexes (controlling nutritional status [CONUT], prognostic nutritional index [PNI], geriatric nutritional risk index [GNRI], and subjective global assessment [SGA]) were evaluated at hospital admission. Malnutrition was defined as CONUT score ≥5, PNI score <38, GNRI score <92, and SGA scores B and C. The frequencies of malnutrition based on CONUT, PNI, GNRI, and SGA were 31.5%, 21.4%, 44.9%, and 27.8%, respectively. All indexes were related to the occurrence of 1-year mortality on univariate Cox regression analysis (P<0.05). We constructed a reference model using age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, sodium concentration, and renal function on multivariable Cox regression analysis. Adding SGA to the reference model significantly improved both net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (0.344, P=0.002; 0.012, P=0.049; respectively). Other indexes (CONUT, PNI, and GNRI scores) significantly improved NRI (0.254, P=0.019; 0.273, P=0.013; 0.306, P=0.006; respectively).
Conclusions: Nutritional screening assessed at hospital admission was appropriate for the prediction of 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with ADHF.