2020 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 1-9
Three-dimensional echocardiography is one of the most promising methods for the diagnosis of valvular heart disease, and recently has become an essential clinical tool owing to the continued development of real-time transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) technology. And now an era of renewed interest and enthusiasm surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of valvular heart disease has come, which is driven by emerging trans-catheter procedures. Nonetheless, little or no attention has been given to the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). The application of 3D-TEE is useful for simultaneous visualization of all 3 leaflets in order to grasp the whole picture of the tricuspid valve (TV; “en face” view). The implications of 3-D assessment of TV annulus, leaflets, and morphology involve an improved understanding of both the mechanics and treatment of TR. This method has been useful for surgical management, including accurate measurement of tricuspid annular diameter and prediction of the post-surgical outcome. Moreover, this method may be indispensable for detailed and comprehensive evaluation of the TV in patients with TR who are candidates for trans-catheter tricuspid procedures. In addition, color Doppler 3D-TEE has been valuable to identify the location of the regurgitant orifice and the severity of the TR. It is now clear that this method will enhance the diagnosis and management of TR patients.