The influence of storage humidity on the in vitro inhalation properties of salbutamol sulfate dry powder with surface covered lactose carrier was investigated. In the present study, drug/carrier powder mixtures were prepared consisting of micronized salbutamol sulfate and lactose carriers with different particle surface conditions prepared by surface covering. Lactose carrier surfaces were covered with vegetable magnesium stearate (Mg-St-V) by a high-speed elliptical-rotor-type powder mixer (Theta-Composer®). These powder mixtures were aerosolized by a Jethaler®, and the in vitro inhalation properties of salbutamol sulfate were evaluated by a twin impinger. Compared with the powder mixed with uncovered lactose carrier, the in vitro inhalation properties of the powder mixture prepared using the surface covered lactose carrier were little decreased with increased in relative humidity (RH), showing that the in vitro inhalation properties of salbutamol sulfate were improved at high RH. Using this surface covering technique would thus be valuable for storage humidity of dry powder inhalation (DPI) with lactose carrier particles.
2004 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan