2021 Volume 69 Issue 9 Pages 905-912
Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of cimetidine analogs, as well as their inhibitory activity toward the human multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter 1 (hMATE1), which is related to nephrotoxicity of drugs. Cimetidine is the histamine H2-receptor antagonist, but also inhibits hMATE1, which is known to cause renal impairment. We designed and synthesized cimetidine analogs to evaluate hMATE1 inhibitory activity to reveal whether the analogs could reduce the inhibition of hMATE1. The results showed that all analogs with an unsubstituted guanidino group exhibited hMATE1 inhibitory activity. On the other hand, there was a clear difference in the hMATE1 inhibitory activity for the other compounds. That is, compounds with a methylimidazole ring exhibited hMATE1 inhibition, while compounds with a phenyl ring did not. The results suggest that the ability to form hydrogen bonds at the azole moiety is strongly involved in the hMATE1 inhibition.