2023 Volume 71 Issue 11 Pages 819-823
Exosomes are a type of extracellular vesicles that contain diverse molecules and are present in our body fluids. They play a crucial role in transporting materials and transmitting signals between cells. Currently, there have been numerous reports on the use of exosomes in drug delivery systems (DDS). However, most existing methods for utilizing exosomes in DDS require the isolation and purification of exosomes, which raises concerns about yield and potential damage to the exosomes. Recently, we have developed a novel DDS called “ExomiR-Tracker” that harnesses exosomes without the need for isolation and purification. This system aims to deliver nucleic acid drugs effectively. ExomiR-Tracker consists of an anti-exosome antibody equipped with nona-D-arginines (9 mer) and nucleic acid drugs which have complementary sequence of target microRNA (anti-miR). In this study, we modified ExomiR-Tracker by incorporating branched nona-D-arginines (9 + 9 mer) molecules (referred to as Branch ExomiR-Tracker) and evaluated its efficacy in lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549 cells). The improved complex formation ability and enhanced cellular uptake of anti-miR, demonstrated by our findings, highlight the advantages of incorporating branched oligoarginine peptides into the ExomiR-Tracker platform. These results represent significant progress in revealing the effectiveness of Branch ExomiR-Tracker against adhesive cancer cells, which has not been shown to be effective with the conventional Linear ExomiR-Tracker.