Article ID: c18-00587
The tumor microenvironment is considered as one of the important targets for anticancer drug discovery. In particular, nutrient deficiency may be observed in tumor microenvironment; biakamides A-D (1-4) isolated from marine sponge Petrosaspongia sp. as growth inhibitors against cancer cells adapted to glucose-deprived conditions have potential as new drugs and tools for elucidating adaptation mechanisms to these conditions. In this paper, we investigated structure-activity relationship (SAR) of biakamide to create easily accessible analog and gain insights about participation of the substructures to growth-inhibitory activity toward development of anticancer drug. This work revealed that 14,15-dinor-biakamide C (5), which is easily accessible, has similar activity to natural biakamide C (3). In addition, detailed SAR study showed the terminal acyl chain is important for interacting with target molecule and amide part including thiazole ring has acceptability to convert structures without losing activity.