The spectrum of 31P-NMR is fundamentally simpler than that of 1H-NMR; consequently identifying the target signal(s) for quantitation is simpler using quantitative 31P-NMR (31P-qNMR) than using quantitative 1H-NMR (1H-qNMR), which has been already established as an absolute determination method. We have previously reported a 31P-qNMR method for the absolute determination of cyclophosphamide hydrate and sofosbuvir as water-soluble and water-insoluble organophosphorus compounds, respectively. This study introduces the purity determination of brigatinib (BR), an organophosphorus compound with limited water solubility, using 31P-qNMR at multiple laboratories.
Phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) and 1,4-BTMSB-d4 were selected as the reference standards (RSs) for 31P-qNMR and 1H-qNMR, respectively. The qNMR solvents were chosen based on the solubilities of BR and the RSs for qNMR. CD3OH was selected as the solvent for 31P-qNMR measurements to prevent the influence of deuterium exchange caused by the presence of exchangeable intramolecular protons of BR and PAA on the quantitative values, while CD3OD was the solvent of choice for the 1H-qNMR measurements to prevent the influence of water signals and the exchangeable intramolecular protons of BR and PAA. The mean purity of BR determined by 31P-qNMR was 97.94 ± 0.69%, which was in agreement with that determined by 1H-qNMR (97.26 ± 0.71%), thus indicating the feasibility of purity determination of BR by 31P-qNMR. Therefore, the findings of this study may provide an effective method that is simpler than conventional 1H-qNMR for the determination of organophosphorus compounds.