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Vol. 57 (1999) No. 5 P 249-258



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  • 2) Blaustein, M. P. and Hamlyn, J. M.: Pathogenesis of essential hypertension. A link between dietary salt and high blood pressure, Hypertension, 18 (Suppl III), III-184-III-195 (1991)
  • 3) Muntzel, M. and Drueke, T.: A comprehensive review of the salt and blood pressure relationship, Am. J. Hypertens., 5, 1S-42S (1992)
  • 4) Graudal, N. A., Galloe, A. M. and Garred, P.: Effects of sodium restriction on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterols, and triglyceride. A meta-analysis, JAMA, 279, 1383-1391 (1998)
  • 5) Miller, J. Z., Weinberger, M. H., Daugherty, S. A., Fineberg, N. S., Christian, J. C. and Grim, C. E.: Heterogeneity of blood pressure response to dietary sodium restriction in normotensive adults, J. Chron. Dis., 40, 245-250 (1987)
  • 6) Miller, J. Z., Weinberger, M. H., Daugherty, S. A., Fineberg, N. S., Christian, J. C. and Grim, C. E.: Blood pressure response to dietary sodium restriction in healthy normotensive children, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 47, 113-119 (1988)
  • 7) 橋本壽夫: 連載1-12 食塩と高血圧, 保健の科学, 33, No. 1-12 (1993)
  • 8) Kempner, W.: Treatment of hypertensive vascular disease with rice diet, N. C. Med. J., 5, 125-133 (1944)
  • 9) Intersalt Cooperative Research Group: Intersalt: An international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure. Results for 24 hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion, B.M.J., 297, 319-328 (1988)
  • 10) Dahl, L. K., Heine, M. and Tassinari, L.: Effects of chronic excess salt ingestion. Evidence that genetic factors play an important role in susceptibility to experimental hypertension, J. Exp. Med., 115, 1173-1190 (1962)
  • 11) Heargerty, A. M.: Salt restriction. A sceptic's viewpoint, Klin. Wochenschr., 69 (Suppl. 25), 26-29 (1991)
  • 12) Kawasaki, T., Delea, C. S., Bartter, F. C. and Smith, H.: The effect of high-sodium and low-sodium intake on blood pressure and other related variables in human subjects with idiopathic hypertension, Am. J. Med., 64, 193-198 (1978)
  • 13) Dimsdale, J. E., Ziegler, M., Mills, P. and Berry, C.: Prediction of salt sensitivity, Am. J. Hypertens., 3, 429-435 (1990)
  • 14) 木村玄次郎: 食塩感受性高血圧, 最新医学, 54, 1036-1041 (1999)
  • 15) Okamoto, K. and Aoki, K.: Development of a strain of spontaneously hypertensive rats, Jpn. Circ. Jr., 27, 282-293 (1963)
  • 16) Okamoto, K., Yamori, Y, and Nagaoka, A.: Establishment of the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), Circ. Res., 34 and 35 (Suppl. I), I-143-I-153 (1974)
  • 17) Jin, H., Mathews, C., Chen, Y. F., Yang, R., Wyss, J. M., Esunge, P. and Oparil, S.: Effects of acute and chronic blockade of neutral endopeptidase with Sch 34826 on NaCl-sensitive hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats, Am. J. Hypertens., 5, 210-218 (1992)
  • 18) Gleiberman, L.: Blood pressure and dietary salt in human populations, Ecol. Food Nutr., 2, 143-156 (1973)
  • 19) Grobbee, D. E. and Hofman, A.: Does sodium restriction lower blood pressure? B.M.J., 293, 27-29 (1986)
  • 20) Houston, M. C.: Sodium and hypertension. A review, Arch. Intern. Med., 146, 179-185 (1986)
  • 21) The INTERSALT Co-operative Research Group: INTERSALT study. An international co-operative study on the relation of blood pressure to electrolyte excretion in populations. 1. Design and methods, J. Hypertens., 4, 781-787 (1986)
  • 22) Swales, J. D.: Salt saga continued, B.M.J., 297, 307-308 (1988)
  • 23) Stamler, J., Rose, G., Stamler, R., Elliott, P., Dyer, A. and Marmot, M.: INTERSALT study findings. Public health and medical care implications, Hypertension, 14, 570-577 (1989)
  • 24) Elliott, P., Marmot, M., Dyer, A., Joossens, J., Kesteloot, H., Stamler, R., Stamler, J. and Rose, G.: The INTERSALT study: Main results, conclusions and some implications, Clin. Exper. Hyper.-Theory and Practice All, 5&6, 1025-1034 (1989)
  • 25) Yamori, Y., Nara, Y., Mizushima, S., Mano, M., Sawamura, M., Kihara, M. and Hone, R.: International cooperative study on the relationship between dietary factors and blood pressure: A report from the cardiovascular diseases and alimentary comparison (CARDIAC) study, J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol., 16 (Suppl. 8), S43-S47 (1990)
  • 26) Yamori, Y., Nara, Y., Mizushima, S., Murakami, S., Ikeda, K., Sawamura, M., Nabika, T. and Horie, R.: Gene-environment interaction in hypertension, stroke and atherosclerosis in experimental models and supportive findings from a world-wide cross-sectional epidemiological survey: A WHO-CARDIAC STUDY, Clin. Exper. Phamacol. Physiol., 19 (Suppl. 20), 43-52 (1992)
  • 27) Bennet, W. I.: The salt alarm, The New York Times Magazine, Jan., 22, 30-31 (1989)
  • 28) Moore, T. J.: How doctors oversell the risks of high blood pressure, Washingtonian, 25, 64-67, 194-204 (1990)
  • 29) Bader, J. M.: Hypertension: La fin du regime sans sel, Science et Vie, 878, 68-75 (1990)
  • 30) Hanneman, R. L.: Intersalt: Hypertension rise with age revisited, B.M.J., 312, 1283-1284 (1996)
  • 31) Sumith, G. D. and Phillips, A. N.: Inflation in epidemiology: “The proof and measurement of association between two things” revisited, B.M.J., 312, 1659-1661 (1996)
  • 32) Stamler, J., Elliott, P., Dyer, A. R., Stamler, R., Ketsteloot, H. and Marmot, M. for the Intersalt Steering and Editorial Committee: Commentary: Sodium and blood pressure in the Intersalt study and other studies-in reply to the Salt Insutitute, B.M.J., 312, 1285-1287 (1996)
  • 33) Dyer, A., Elliott, P., Marmot, M., Kesteloot, H., Stamler, R. and Stamler, J.: Commentary: Strength and importance of the relation of dietary salt to blood pressure, B.M.J., 312, 1661-1664 (1996)
  • 34) Elliott, P., Stamler, J., Nichols, R., Dyer, A., Stamler, R., Kesteloot, H. and Marmot, M.: Intersalt revisited: Further analysis of 24 hour sodium excretion and blood pressure within and across populations, B.M.J., 312, 1249-1253 (1996)
  • 35) Fanu, J. L.: Cross cultural studies such as Intersalt study cannot be used to infer causality, B.M.J., 315, 484 (1997)
  • 36) Luft, F. C.: Salt skiemishes, Kid. Blood Press. Res., 20, 71-73 (1997)
  • 37) Taubes, G.: The (political) science of salt, Science, 281, 898-907 (1998)
  • 38) Weinberger, M. H., Luft, F. C., Miller, J. Z., Grim, C. E., Fineberg, N. S. and Christian, J. C.: Genetic aspects of blood pressure sensitivity to sodium. In Salt and Hypertension. /Rettig, R., Ganten, D. and Luft, F. C. eds., pp. 121-127 (1989) Springer-Verlag, Berlin
  • 39) Fliser, D., Nowack, R., Allendorf-Ostwald, N., Kohl, B., Hubinger, A. and Ritz, E.: Serum lipid changes on low salt diet. Effects of α1-adrenergic blockade, Am. J. Hypertens., 6, 320-324 (1993)
  • 40) Ruppert, M., Overlack, A., Kolloch, R., Kraft, K., Lennarz, M. and Stumpe, K. O.: Effects of severe and moderate salt restriction on serum lipids in nonobese normotensive adults, Am. J. Med. Sci., 307 (Suppl. 1), S87-S90 (1994)
  • 41) Alderman, M. H., Madhavan, S., Cohen, H., Sealey, J. E. and Laragh, J. H.: Low urinary sodium is associated with greater risk of myocardial infarction among treated hypertensive men, Hypertension, 25, 1144-1152 (1995)
  • 42) Alderman, M. H. and Lamport, B.: Moderate sodium restriction. Do the benefits justify the hazards? Am. J. Hypertens., 3, 499-504 (1990)
  • 43) Alderman, M. H., Cohen, H. and Madhavan, S.: Dietary sodium intake and mortality: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I), Lancet, 351, 781-785 (1998)
  • 44) Svetkey, L. P., Simons-Morton, D., Vollmer, W. M., Appel, L. J., Conlin, P. R., Ryan, D. H., Ard, J. and Kennedy, B. M.: Effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. Subgroup analysis of the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) randomized clinical trial, Arch. Intern. Med., 159, 285-293 (1999)
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