2016 Volume 13 Issue 10 Pages 20160242
Precise voltage generation is a unique feature of superconducting single-flux-quantum (SFQ) circuits, and hence, several SFQ-based digital-to-analog converters (DACs) have been designed for metrological applications. In this letter, we propose a dual double-flux-quantum amplifier (dual-DFQA) that extends DAC output voltage from unipolar to bipolar. An SFQ-based DAC comprising a 4-bit variable pulse number multiplier and a ±20-fold dual-DFQA is fabricated using a niobium integration technology. A 1-kHz, ±0.29-mV sinusoidal voltage waveform is successfully synthesized.