2018 Volume 15 Issue 12 Pages 20180370
A double-Orbital-Angular-Momentum (OAM)-mode microstrip antenna is designed, simulated, fabricated and measured, which generates OAM with mode number l = 2 and 3 on 5 GHz by two resistor loaded microstrip rings respectively. For existing OAM antennas, structures like circular array, parabolic reflector and electromagnetic meta-surface are widely adopted, which are electrically large and hard to be integrated. However, the proposed antenna has a compact size and a low profile, which can be integrated in RF circuit as a component. To solve the problem of low gain in microstrip OAM antenna, parameters are optimised and a top dielectric layer is adopted, and its measured peak gain reaches 1.5 dB for l = 2 and 1.8 dB for l = 3. The measured frequency band, on which a near field vortex phase is observed and orbital angular momentum is generated, is 4.65–5.25 GHz for l = 2, and 4.5–5.2 GHz for l = 3. Besides, this antenna can multiplex more OAM modes by adopting more microstrip rings.