Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
Computed tomography combined with confirmatory tests for the diagnosis of aldosterone-producing adenoma
Shihan ChenHui LiuPanyu LuoYerong Yu
ジャーナル フリー 早期公開

論文ID: EJ20-0395


Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension, and a simpler non-invasive method for identification of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is required to improve the standard of medical treatment for PA patients. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of hypertensive patients with an aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) ≥30 (ng/dL)/(ng/mL/h), and surgical and/or adrenal venous sampling (AVS) results served as the gold standard for APA diagnosis. The study aimed to determine whether positive CCT and SIT results plus a unilateral adrenal nodule found by CT allow unambiguous identification of an APA with high diagnostic specificity. Clinical data from 71 APA and 47 non-APA patients were collected, and logistic regression analysis was performed to construct models. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of diagnostic tests. The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were similar between the post-SIT plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and post-CCT PAC (p > 0.05). The optimal post-SIT and post-CCT PAC cutoff values were 17.2 and 21.2 ng/dL, respectively. Positive CT findings combined with a post-SIT PAC >17.2 ng/dL or post-CCT PAC >21.2 ng/dL provided specificities of 97.8% and 95.7% for predicting APA, respectively. Logistic diagnostic models 1 (M1, CT finding + post-SIT PAC) and 2 (M2, CT finding + post-CCT PAC) were built, which showed equivalent diagnostic value (AUC = 0.959 and 0.932, respectively) (p > 0.05). The models combining CT findings with post-SIT PACs or post-CCT PACs represent an easier method to distinguish APA patients from other hypertensive patients with positive upright ARR results, especially in primary care where AVS may be unavailable.

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