電気学会論文誌B(電力・エネルギー部門誌)
Online ISSN : 1348-8147
Print ISSN : 0385-4213
ISSN-L : 0385-4213
特集論文
エタノール中DCモータにおける整流過程のアーク発生現象:ブラシ・整流子の接触状態に基づく考察
福塚 隆司横水 康伸浅井 洋光野須 敬弘
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2019 年 139 巻 5 号 p. 293-301

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For an experimental DC motor equipment immersed in ethanol and gasoline, commutator currents were measured at various rotational speeds to find out an arc duration time during commutation process and a residual current. The result revealed that the arc duration time for the ethanol was 3-6 µsec and this duration time was longer than that for the gasoline. The residual current in the ethanol also proved to be 2-3A and to be about twice higher than that in the gasoline. Subsequently these results were discussed on the basis of contact resistance just before brush-commutator separation. As a result, the contact resistance was found to be 0.6 times lower in the ethanol than in the gasoline. A novel approach was lastly made to the contact state of the brush on the commutator in view of mechanical properties: coefficient of friction, lubrication, contact load. This approach achieved successful explanation of the phenomena above.

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