Journal of Applied Glycoscience
Online ISSN : 1880-7291
Print ISSN : 1344-7882
ISSN-L : 1344-7882
Regular Paper
Effect of C-6 Methylol Groups on Substrate Recognition of Glucose/Xylose Mixed Oligosaccharides by Cellobiose Dehydrogenase from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium
Kiyohiko IgarashiSatoshi KanekoMotomitsu KitaokaMasahiro Samejima
Author information
JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

2020 Volume 67 Issue 2 Pages 51-57

Details
Abstract

Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) is a flavocytochrome catalyzing oxidation of the reducing end of cellobiose and cellooligosaccharides, and has a key role in the degradation of cellulosic biomass by filamentous fungi. Here, we use a lineup of glucose/xylose-mixed β-1,4-linked disaccharides and trisaccharides, enzymatically synthesized by means of the reverse reaction of cellobiose phosphorylase and cellodextrin phosphorylase, to investigate the substrate recognition of CDH. We found that CDH utilizes β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucopyranose (Xyl-Glc) as an electron donor with similar Km and kcat values to cellobiose. β-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-xylopyranose (Glc-Xyl) shows a higher Km value, while xylobiose does not serve as a substrate. Trisaccharides show similar behavior; i.e., trisaccharides with cellobiose and Xyl-Glc units at the reducing end show similar kinetics, while the enzyme was less active towards those with Glc-Xyl, and inactive towards those with xylobiose. We also use docking simulation to evaluate substrate recognition of the disaccharides, and we discuss possible molecular mechanisms of substrate recognition by CDH.

Information related to the author
© 2020 by The Japanese Society of Applied Glycoscience

This is an open-access paper distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (by-nc) License (CC-BY-NC4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top