2019 年 75 巻 1 号 p. 13-23
Complex procedures for interventional radiology can result in high radiation doses to patients and physicians. A spectral shaping filter (SSF) has recently been developed and equipped with angiographic systems to modulate the X-ray beam spectrum. In our feasibility study, the radiation doses to patients and physicians, air kerma rate at image receptor, and image quality were evaluated when SSF was applied in fluoroscopy. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) phantom, a catheter attached on the bottom was placed on the examination table. The entrance air kerma rate at patient entrance reference point, H* (10) rate at a distance of 100 cm from the center of PMMA, air kerma rate at image receptor and the fluoroscopic catheter images were recorded as a function of PMMA thickness. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was used for the objective image quality. As a subjective image quality evaluation, three physicians (cardiologist, neurologist, and radiologist) rated the catheter images by a Likert scale. With SSF, the entrance air kerma rate and H* (10) rate reduced by about 34 and 21%, respectively. The air kerma rate at image receptor in conventional filter mode increased when the PMMA was up to 10 cm and then CNR was also improved. However, no significant differences were found in the subjective image qualities. In conclusion, SSF was contributed to the reduction of the radiation doses to patients and physicians while the subjective image quality was not affected.