Journal of Occupational Health
Online ISSN : 1348-9585
Print ISSN : 1341-9145
ISSN-L : 1341-9145
A Multi-Centre Cross-Sectional Survey on Safety at Construction Sites in Thailand, 1994-1995
Virasakdi CHONGSUVIVATWONGSuparb PAS-ONGSkulrat RITSMITHCHAILouis LEBELPirom KAMOLRATTANAKULBodi DHANAMUNVenus UDOMPRASERTKULTuanchai INTHUSOMAApinun ARAMRATTANAAnchalee SINGHANETRA-RENARDKannikar BUNTEONGJITNuthaya SAKSOONGArun CHIRAWATKULBandit THINKHAMROPSiriporn CHIRAWATKULBoonsri PRAB-NA-SAKDIWichai AEKPLAKORNSangchome KERDKAUYSonthaya THANOMSAUY
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1998 Volume 40 Issue 4 Pages 319-324

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Abstract

A Multi-Centre Cross-Sectional Survey on Safety at Construction Sites in Thailand, 1994-1995: Construction Worker Research Group of Thailand—A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted under a uniform protocol in rapidly developing municipal areas in eight provinces of Thailand: Bangkok, Chonburi, Chiang Mai, Pisanulok, Khon Kaen, Nong Kai, Hat Yai and Phuket. Altogether information was collected by structured questionnaire interviews and inspection from 184 construction sites, 242 subcontractors, 171 workers'' camps and 3614 workers. Males comprised 66% of the workers. 47% of the workers had worked 4 or more years in the industry. The majority (78%) had come from an agricultural background. Standards of education were uniformly low. Companies on small construction sites provided less protection facilities than at large scale construction sites and the injury rate in the former was 1.83 times higher. A nail in the foot was the most common injury (61%) resulting in stopping work. The overall incidence of injuries resulting in stopping work averaged 1.5 per 100 worker-months. Twelve workrelated deaths were recorded at the construction sites studied. Causes were fall (4), electrocution (4), machinery (2) falling object (1) vehicle (1). The workrelated death rate was 68 per 100, 000 worker-years (95%Cl 35-118). This rate is 2-5 times higher than those reported in western countries. Construction sites in Thailand have poor safety measures. The injury incidence rate and mortality rate are high.

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