Journal of Oleo Science
Online ISSN : 1347-3352
Print ISSN : 1345-8957
ISSN-L : 1345-8957
Chemistry and Organic Synthesis
Iodine-Catalyzed Synthesis of Five-Membered Cyclic Ethers from 1,3-Diols under Solvent-Free Conditions
Yoshio KasashimaAtsushi UzawaTadasuke NishidaTakashi MinoMasami SakamotoTsutomu Fujita
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2009 Volume 58 Issue 8 Pages 421-427


Intramolecular etherification of 1,3-diols was investigated using iodine as a catalyst under solvent-free conditions. The reaction proceeded to completion in a heterogeneous system. Five-membered cyclic ethers were obtained by intramolecular cyclization of 1,3-diols with dehydration. A propella ether (11-oxatricyclo[,6]tridecane) was conveniently synthesized from a 1,3-diol (6-(2-hydroxyethyl)spiro[4.5]decan-6-ol) in 86% yield with carbon skeleton rearrangement under the following conditions: a temperature of 60°C, a molar ratio of 1,3-diol:iodine = 1:0.2, and a time period of 3 h. Bicyclic ethers were also obtained from the corresponding 1,3-diols, but spiro ethers were obtained in lower yield. Terpenic cyclic ethers were efficiently synthesized from the corresponding 1,3-diols, derived from (+)-camphor and (-)-fenchone. In the case of etherification with a mechanism of carbon skeleton rearrangement, the yield of the solvent-free reaction was as high as that of the corresponding reaction in solution. Etherification reactions with carbon skeleton rearrangement proceeded more smoothly than those with hydride shift.

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© 2009 by Japan Oil Chemists' Society
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