2022 年 78 巻 6 号 p. II_302-II_314
Disaster risk generates a complex result if it intersects with human activities, such as poverty. A cross-cutting framework leads to plans for reducing poverty while minimizing risk impact. Indonesia faces a high risk of disaster, which is exacerbated by poverty. Some countermeasures to these issues were implemented; however, they caused less integration. This leaves a gap in the result of implementation to the benefits, which are a poor group. A synchronized solution through a planning tool as a “soft infrastructure” is required to build the resilience of the system. This paper aims to discover the connection between three frameworks: social protection, climate change adaptation, and disaster risk reduction for a broader academic discussion. It also reviews the readiness of Indonesian policies that mainstream integrated issues. Through content analysis, this study addresses the gap between conceptual thinking and the empirical study literature regarding the integration approach. First, how does each framework address integration with others and the interrelationships among them? Second, how do the global trends of integration implementation and readiness of Indonesia’s policies integrate? It concludes with a comprehensive understanding of each framework, or when it is associated with achieving resilience.