1989 年 38 巻 430 号 p. 840-846
The X-ray elastic constants of composite ceramics of zirconia mixed with 40wt% alumina were determined by X-ray stress measurements and compared with theoretical predictions. The results obtained are summarized as follows:
(1) The X-ray elastic constants were determined for the diffraction from Al2O3 (146) plane by Cu-K α radiation, and for those from Al2O3 (1.0.10) and ZrO2 (133) planes by Cr-K α radiation. The X-ray values of EX'/(1+νX') and EX' (EX'=Young's modulus, νX'=Poisson's ratio) of the composite decreased in the alumina phase and increased in the zirconia phase when compared with those of single-phase ceramics.
(2) The values of EX'/(1+νX') for Al2O3 (146), Al2O3 (1.0.10) and ZrO2 (133) planes of the composite calculated from those of single-phase ceramics on the bases of Hauk's model agreed fairly well with the experimental values. The value of EX'/(1+νX') for the alumina phase in the composite calculated from the elastic constants of single crystals on the basis of Eshelby's model was slightly larger than the experimental value. The contribution of pores in the composite should be included in modeling.