This study was conducted to determine why Babesia gibsoni replicates well in reticulocytes. First, B. gibsoni was cultivated in resealed erythrocyte ghosts loaded with either erythrocyte or reticulocyte lysate, and in reticulocyte ghosts loaded with either erythrocyte or reticulocyte lysate. The parasites multiplied well in the erythrocyte or reticulocyte ghosts loaded with reticulocyte lysate compared to the other resealed cells loaded with erythrocyte lysate. Second, the parasites were cultivated in erythrocytes in culture medium supplemented with either erythrocyte or reticulocyte lysate. The parasites multiplied better in reticulocyte lysate-containing cultures than in erythrocyte lysate-containing cultures. Finally, the parasites were cultivated in erythrocytes in culture medium supplemented with glutamate, aspartate, asparagine, glycine, isoleucine, proline, taurine or GSH, which were present in higher concentrations in reticulocytes than in erythrocytes. Supplementation of the culture medium with glutamate and GSH resulted in enhancement of the multiplication of the parasites, while the other amino acids did not enhance the multiplication. These results indicated that the high levels of the multiplication of B. gibsoni in reticulocytes are partly due to the high concentrations of glutamate and GSH in reticulocytes.