2012 年 74 巻 8 号 p. 1033-1036
House dust mite (HDM) allergens are the most common allergens for induction of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity. Recently, epicutaneous sensitization with HDM allergens has been emphasized in the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) by producing various soluble factors in keratinocytes. Among the soluble factors, GM-CSF is a key molecule that activates Langerhans cells, antigen-presenting cells in the epidermis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) on GM-CSF production in a canine keratinocyte cell line, CPEK. CPEKs were found to produce GM-CSF upon stimulation by Der f. The GM-CSF production was suppressed by addition of a cysteine protease inhibitor. The present results suggest that cysteine protease-derived Der f may be an initiator of allergic inflammation by inducing the production of GM-CSF in keratinocytes.