2017 年 79 巻 8 号 p. 1327-1334
Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) is a heme-containing mono-oxygenase involved in metabolism of environmental contaminants. Two variants of dog CYP1A1 with a single residue difference were identified and designated Sap1 and Sap2. Compared with Sap1, Sap2 had a Trp50Leu substitution. The biochemical characteristics of the variants were comparatively analyzed using heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. The membrane fraction of E. coli expressing Sap2 exhibited higher CYP holoprotein and heme contents than the Sap1-containing membranes, although the level of total CYP1A1 protein (i.e., apoprotein + holoprotein) was comparable between the groups. As normalized to holo-CYP content, the Sap2-expressing membranes showed lower CYP1A1-specific enzyme activities, such as 7-ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylation (EROD), than the Sap1 group. In single substitution variants of residue 50, proteins with hydrophobic residues having mass similar to Leu exhibited lower EROD activities than those with hydrophobic residues having larger mass than Leu. In addition, variants with polar or charged residues having mass similar to Leu showed activities that were comparable to those of Sap2. Taken together, these findings suggest that the Trp50Leu substitution leads to an enhancement of holo-CYP1A1 formation, but diminishes the enzyme activity because of the small size of Leu compared with Trp.