Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Online ISSN : 1347-7439
Print ISSN : 0916-7250
ISSN-L : 0916-7250
Mechanism of M-cell differentiation accelerated by proliferation of indigenous bacteria in rat Peyer’s patches
Hideto YUASAYouhei MANTANINatsumi MASUDAMiho NISHIDAMasaya ARAIToshifumi YOKOYAMAHiroki TSURUTAJunichi KAWANONobuhiko HOSHIHiroshi KITAGAWA
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 17-0470

This article has a public article.
Details
Abstract

The mechanism by which indigenous bacteria on the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) of lymphatic follicles (LFs) accelerate the differentiation of microvillous columnar epithelial cells (MV) into M-cells was immunohistochemically investigated in rat Peyer’s patches. The results showed that the number of Toll-like receptor (TLR) -4+ M-cells was greater in the FAE with expansion of bacterial colonies (LFs with bacterial colonies on the FAE: b-LF) than the FAE without expansion of bacterial colonies (nb-LF). TLR-4 was also expressed in the striated borders of MV upstream next to M-cells in the FAE of the b-LF. TLR-4+ vesicles were frequently detected in the cytoplasms of MV with TLR-4+ striated borders upstream next to TLR-4+ M-cells in the FAE of b-LF. These findings suggest that TLR-4+ MV take up TLR-4 ligands and differentiate into M-cells in the b-LF. Neither the distribution of RANK nor that of RANKL was coincident with that of M-cells in the b-LF. Moreover, RANK, but not RANKL, was expressed in intestinal villi, whereas cleaved caspase-3 was immunonegative in the MV and M-cells of the FAE, unlike in villous epithelial cells. Therefore, RANK/RANKL signaling in the LF might contribute to the down-regulation of epithelial apoptosis to facilitate the differentiation of MV into M-cells in rat Peyer’s patches.

Information related to the author

この記事はクリエイティブ・コモンズ [表示 - 非営利 - 改変禁止 4.0 国際]ライセンスの下に提供されています。
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
feedback
Top