2012 年 2012 巻 25 号 p. 156-167
This paper examines how ASHINAGA movement defines the “Ongaeshi” relationship and how the ASHINAGA scholarship students recognize this focusing on how the actors deal with the concept of gift.
ASHINAGA provides scholarships for orphans funded by contributions from private individuals. The students recipients conduct the street-corner fundraising campaigns. The thought of “Ongaeshi” is the key concept of ASHINAGA movement. It calls for a multilayered serial reciprocity among the contributor, the students, and their juniors (other orphans).
However, some students conduct campaigns while avoiding defining this as “Ongaeshi” as a means of avoiding the burden associated with a gift. But in any case, since the students are conducting campaigns, the “Ongaeshi” relationship is still realized in the movement.