2003 年 63 巻 p. 144-161
In contrast to the abundance of reflection in media history on the media industry and the process of media production, there is a dearth of consideration of the bodiness and "practices" of the media audience. In the interest of addressing this problem, this paper focuses on Japanese broadcasting in its early history, and enquires into the process of (1) how people encountered the practice of "listening" and (2) how they became radio listeners themselves. Due to limits in the spread of the use of electricity, roughly 90 percent of all households in the 1920s could not use electricity during the daytime, meaning that many people listened to broadcasts of college baseball-categorically the most popular daytime broadcast in the early history of radio-not privately, at home but publicly through "street radios" (gaito rajio). The "street radio" thus became an important site that not only provided people with the opportunity to observe the action of "listening" to the radio, which was still a novel media at the time, but also directed them to a historical moment in which they could internalize the practices of listening to sports broadcasts-even to the point of directing them to yell and cry at moments befitting their role as an "audience" for the new media.