2011 年 78 巻 p. 189-208
This study examined about the expression called "real public opinion" of China in the early 1930s. Specifically, I focus on the newspapers of abolition movement of civil war in 1932, the tone of magazine, controversy over public opinion in the study of journalism and expression of "real" about rule theory in Chinese Nationalist Party. After the Manchurian Incident, some Chinese papers searched the formation of the national government system and put the need for "real public opinion" supporting to them heavily. One of them searched for "real" of public opinion whether civil war with punitive expedition to Chinese Communist Party was right or wrong. The tone was involved in acceptance or refusal Chinese Communist Party. The close idea of the side of national government system was dominant. They were affected argument over the notion of public opinion itself in Chinese journalism systematized after 1920s and newspaper business imposed embodiment of public and commerce developed. On study of journalism, they were divided into two positions. One is "real" of public opinion lead the public. And the other is based on them. For the aims of newspaper business with large profits, they connected newspaper's character with decisive problem. On the other hand, actual politics aimed for national formation that starts the people's ability estimate low by one-party rule of Chinese Nationalist Party. In the beginning of the nation-state age, the interpretation of "real" cannot apply to public opinion but also such as citizen, popular will and constitutional government in the early 1930s. As a result, they asked for the core of unity into society and nation. And also "real public opinion" was subject to the movement of actual politics.