2015 年 86 巻 p. 39-62
This paper reviews the relationship between the Olympic Games and the media from the perspective of journalism. The objects of study are the perspectives from which newspaper space and broadcast programs are created when media-particularly newspapers-handle the Olympic Games as national events using terms like "the national interest" or "nationalism" as keywords. In this paper, rather than focusing on previous Olympic Games, we adopt a research approach that reviews currently unfolding events to predict how the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games will be reported on in the future. More specifically, this study mainly concerns the Great East Japan Earthquake. This is because the earthquake and Tokyo Olympic Games are closely related to one another, as evidenced by the slogan "Recovery Olympics." We also focus on the inverse relationship between these two: the 2011 earthquake moves further away in time as we move toward the 2020 Olympic Games. This inverse temporal relationship is likely to significantly affect mass media reporting. In addition, we also discuss issues related to the incorrect reporting published by the Asahi Newspaper, which developed into a major social phenomenon in the Japanese mass media during 2014. This is not merely a matter of newspaper reporting, but directly relates to the keywords taken up by this paper, as exemplified by statements in Diet discussions that such reporting "jeopardizes the national interest."