マス・コミュニケーション研究
Online ISSN : 2432-0838
Print ISSN : 1341-1306
ISSN-L : 1341-1306
■特集 沖縄とメディア
沖縄占領における象徴天皇の不在と9 月12日の終戦詔書
吉本 秀子
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ジャーナル フリー

2017 年 91 巻 p. 65-79

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Emperor Hirohito’s radio announcement of the Japanese surrender on

August 15, 1945 was a mediated collective experience for mainland Japanese

people, but the Okinawan experience was different as a result of media deprivation.

On the same day, the U.S. Military Government of Okinawa announced

Japan’s defeat to local Okinawan leaders, handing out the Uruma Shimpo, a

handwritten Japanese language mimeograph prepared in a U.S. civilian camp.

The Uruma Shimpo headlined Japan’s acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration

as good news: “a long-waited peace finally came!” The Emperor’s rescript was

not published in the same issue, but on September 12 after the 9.2 Surrender

Ceremony on the U.S. Missouri between Japan and the Allied Powers. Based on

U.S. archives and the reconsideration of Okinawan memoires, this paper discusses

the U.S. occupation force’s strategic suppression of the presence of the

Japanese Emperor as a symbol in order to psychologically detach Okinawans as

part of their plan to separate Okinawa from mainland Japan. However, on September

12, the U.S. Military Government of Okinawa published the rescript for

the purpose of psychological warfare to effectively organize the U.S. mopping

up operations, targeting Japanese soldiers and local civilians who still showed

resistance. While the U.S. Military Government regarded the Uruma Shimpo as

their official newspaper for disseminating news regarding the Japanese surrender

to the Okinawan society without any civilian media, the Okinawans engaged in

its early production regarded it as their own newspaper. The Ryukyu Shimpo,

the successor of the Uruma Shimpo, documented the mimeograph days in a

corporate publication in 1973. Unable to fully record the experience in 1945

under U.S. censorship, the Okinawan press reported the media history after the

reversion.

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© 2017 日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
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