マス・コミュニケーション研究
Online ISSN : 2432-0838
Print ISSN : 1341-1306
ISSN-L : 1341-1306
■ 特集 パンデミックをめぐるメディアと社会――その可能性と困難
自粛の社会史
伊藤 昌亮
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ジャーナル フリー

2021 年 98 巻 p. 51-65

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 In Japan, no legal measures have been taken to restrict activities of citizens

in coping with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. People are simply exercising

self-restraint as requested by the government. Self-restraint has been a

contradictory yet widely practiced behavior among Japanese at turning points

throughout the country’s history from wartime to the present day. This paper

discusses the roles of such a behavior after picking key turning points based on

the analysis of a number of relevant newspaper articles of the Asahi Shimbun

and Yomiuri Shimbun. Examples include the establishment of the wartime

regime, the inception of the LDP’s dominance under the 1955 system, the oil

crises, U.S.-Japan trade friction, the demise of Emperor Hirohito, neoliberal

reforms, and disasters triggered by the 1995 Great Hanshin and 2011 Tohoku

earthquakes. An observation of self-restraint among the Japanese under these

circumstances is followed by an examination of the workings of power and

norms in Japanese society.

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© 2021 日本マス・コミュニケーション学会
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