2021 年 99 巻 p. 59-78
This study aimed to identify the types of nationalists who will participate in political activities on the Internet. Since the 2000s, people who use the Internet to make xenophobic claims, such as the “Nettouyoku” and “Zaitokukai,” have been singled out. However, quantitative studies have not examined what type of nationalists makes people engage in political activities on the Internet in contemporary Japan. This study examined the types of nationalism and morality/emotion as psychological incentives for political activities on the Internet by focusing on three areas. First, based on the arguments of Opp (2009), Snow et al. (1986), and Higuchi (2014), it is predicted that the more one has xenophobic nationalism, the more likely one will engage in protest activities on the Internet. Second, from several existing theories, it is predicted that the more one is morally and emotionally dissatisfied, the more likely one is to engage in political activities on the Internet. Third, interaction effects between nationalism and morality/emotion is predicted. The hypotheses were tested through a quantitative analysis using web survey data and a hurdle model. The results suggested that people with the most xenophobic type of nationalism and a strong sense of justice were more likely to engage in political activities on the Internet. The results suggested that “Nettouyoku” engages in political activities on the Internet due to a sense of justice rather than dissatisfaction.