2006 年 4 巻 2 号 p. 2_43-2_50
Factors to purchase dwelling were examined by questionnaires addressed for 586 people of age 19 to 84 years old. This study first examined whether the priority level of four factors (area of house, quality of house, peripheral environment, and regional environment) to purchase dwelling depends on human life stage (adolescence, early middle aged, late middle aged, and old aged). The results showed a gender difference and the effect of the life stage on the priority level; male adolescence showed priority on the quality of house whereas old aged male felt priority on the peripheral environment, female adolescence showed the priority on the quality of house and female late middle aged also showed advantage on the quality of house, etc. Second, factors that might affect on the priority level to purchase dwelling were investigated. That is, the relationship between subjective physical efficacy evaluation and the priority level was analyzed. The results showed that high score participants in the self physical efficacy test showed a priority on the quality of house whereas low score participants showed a priority on the peripheral environment that reflects the convenience of shopping and going to hospital. Third and finally, the effect of the tendency of family oriented of participant on the priority level was examined. The results showed that both low score and high score participants on family hearth evaluation items showed a similar tendency of the priority level to purchase dwelling. These results suggest that ideal dwelling depends strongly on the life stage and subjective evaluation of physical activity.